Introduction to Antisocial Personality Disorder:
Antisocial Personality Disorder commonly known as the ASPD is a personality disorder that is characterized by a longstanding pattern of behavior and experience that impairs functioning and causes distress.
If we look at the concept of antisocial personality disorder, an individual with an antisocial personality disorder doesn’t obey societal norms, is deceitful and intimidating in relationships, and is uncaring and neglectful towards other persons.
People with this type of personality may get involved in criminal activities. They are not sorry for what they did, like murder or lying. They are sometimes impulsive, careless, and even aggressive, and this syndrome is more common in males than females.
People with this disorder usually blame others when things go wrong and never take responsibility for their sufferings. Many with this disorder suffer because they can be self-defeating and cannot enjoy the pleasures that come to people involved in loving and satisfying relationships.
An individual with this condition may also suffer from many different mental health issues, including suffering from loneliness, tiredness, mental health problems, gambling addiction, drug and alcohol addiction, and other various mood disorders. They are more at risk of self-harm. A large number of people have had learning disabilities and attention deficits as infants.
Causes of ASPD
Their precise cause is not well understood, but a variety of factors possibly causes it. A person doesn’t need to have any of these symptoms to have an antisocial personality disorder.
Environmental Factors: A chaotic family life can contribute to Antisocial Personality Disorder development, especially where there has been neglect and carelessness from the side of parents or other adult guardians. The disorder is more prominent in families that do not have resources or guidance, which leads to the lack of motivation to improve or develop healthy conduct. From the perspective of the sociopaths, certain circumstances can reinforce sociopathic behaviors.
Childhood & Upbringing: Upbringing can also have a significant influence. Childhood abuse, neglect, and trauma have also been linked to the onset of this personality disorder. If a child’s parents are abusive and dysfunctional, children may learn such behavioral patterns and later display them with their kids.
Children who grow up in disorganized and neglectful homes also find it hard to develop a strong sense of discipline, self-control, and empathy for others.
Genetics: Antisocial personality traits tend to be highly inheritable. Researchers have also found specific physiological responses that may occur more frequently in people with an antisocial personality disorder. For example, They also have a very calm approach to stress. They have lower anxiety levels relative to the average person. Serving in the evening tends to mess with their sleep patterns. Scientists believe that humans have a weak “startle reflex” that causes them to jump away from sudden noises. It will have a negative effect on the adolescents’ capacity for learning.
Along with this, there can be some other elements that cause Antisocial Personality Disorder.
Knowing the Symptoms
Individuals with antisocial personality disorder are not expected to experience overt signs. Instead, they cause discomfort or distress to others through socially unacceptable behavior and by being:
- Aggressive or irritable
The person’s personal experience determines the diagnosis, typically carried out by the psychotherapist. At present, there are no diagnostic techniques to diagnose this disease. There are high chances that mood or anxiety problems or attention deficit disorder, or drug misuse could be present.
Duration: Personality disorders may evolve over a long period.
Prevention: There is no practical approach to defend against this disease.
It is thought that a general improvement in social conditions could reduce the incidence of this personality disorder. Adjustments to a person’s environment can reduce the severity of an illness.
Researchers haven’t found an appropriate solution for these problems yet.
Although research has been unable to find an effective way to treat this personality disorder, many psychotherapeutic treatments are prescribed and are found to be somehow useful.
The treatment chosen is dependent on the details of each person.
Family therapy may be used to change habitual habits that are destructive, teach new vocational skills, and improve a person’s social support.
This condition can be handled through psychotherapy, where the people are taught to respond more sensibly to others’ feelings and encourage new, relevant, and optimistic thinking about their target and aims.
Cognitive therapy aims to prevent people from engaging in dangerous behavior.
Behavior therapy combines monetary rewards and penalties to promote good behavior.
This condition may often be treated with medicine, but there is no best medicine for anyone with this disease. There are medicines, such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and fluoxetine, that decrease aggression and irritability. Benzodiazepines relieve Depression and anxiety.
There are serious concerns about whether such treatments will support people who do not think they have a problem. Preventive therapy is usually more effective as opposed to curative treatment. It is challenging to transform peoples’ unhealthy lifestyles.
When a person lives with this personality style, they don’t incline to react well to change. For certain people, aggression and irritability decrease as they age. Any personality traits can still be present.
The best way to protect the victims of antisocial conduct is to build a system of justice. However, in some cases, correction institutions encourage incredibly antisocial behavior.
When to Consult a Professional
People with an antisocial personality disorder may not understand that they have a behavioral problem and need care. If someone finds odd things in anybody he/she recommends counseling for him/her. Treatment can only occur after a judge sentenced the prisoner.
In the long run, there are very few chances that the treatment of Antisocial Personality Disorder might be successful. Even if it is successful, the improvement will be prolonged, and a rapid change should not be expected.