We all feel anxiety at times and consider it to be a normal and healthy emotion. Still, when a person is experiencing a disproportionate amount of anxiety regularly, it might be a medical disorder.

Anxiety disorders are a category of mental health diagnoses that lead to excessive nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worry.

These disorders change the way a person feels and behave; it also causes physical symptoms. Mild anxiety may be unclear and disturbing, whereas serious anxiety may have a serious effect on everyday life.

Knowing the difference between the typical feeling of anxiety and an anxiety disorder that requires medical attention is of great importance.

While anxiety can cause discomfort, this might not be a health concern.

Anxiety disorders

Sometimes the amount of anxiety a person feels is far more than the actual trigger causing the stress. A situation like this might be categorized as an anxiety disorder.

Symptoms

While several different diagnoses constitute anxiety disorders, the symptoms of a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) will often include the following:

  • restlessness
  • uncontrollable feelings of worry
  • irritability
  • concentration difficulties
  • sleep difficulties

Looking into the types of anxiety disorders:

Generalized anxiety disorder: This is a chronic persistent anxiety condition and issues about unspecified life events, objects, and circumstances. GAD is the most common anxiety condition and the cause of their anxiety cannot always be identified by individuals with the disorder.

Panic disorder: The panic disorder is caused by short or unexpected attacks of extreme fear and apprehension. These attacks can cause trembling, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and trouble breathing. Panic attacks begin to occur and rise quickly, peaking 10 minutes later. A panic attack, however, could last for hours.

Panic disorders typically arise without provocation after frightening encounters or long-term stress. A person who has a panic attack can misunderstand it as a life-threatening disease and may make dramatic changes in behavior to prevent potential attacks.

Phobias: This is an unreasonable fear and avoidance of a certain object or condition. Phobias don’t contribute to a single cause like other anxiety disorders.

A phobia can recognize fear as illogical or intense, but cannot regulate feeling anxiety around the trigger, causes a range of phobia from situations to everyday objects.

Selective mutism:  This is really a type of anxiety that certain children have, while they may have outstanding verbal communication abilities with familiar people, not being able to communicate in some locations or situations like school. This may be an intense type of anxiety disorder.

Social anxiety disorder, or social phobia: It is indeed fear of negative decisions in social settings or public humiliation from others. Social anxiety disorder involves a variety of emotions such as stage scare, anxiety about intimacy, and embarrassment, and rejection.

This condition can cause people to avoid public situations and human interaction to the degree that daily life is extremely challenging.

Separation anxiety disorder: Elevated levels of anxiety following separation from an individual or position that offers feelings of protection and security disrupt separation anxiety. Separation can often lead to panic.

What Causes Anxiety Disorders?

The symptoms of anxiety are complex. Many may happen at once, some can lead to others, and some may not lead to an anxiety disorder until there is another.

Potential triggers include:

Environmental stressors, such as job issues, relationship problems, or familial problems

Genetics are more likely to be one person who has family members with an anxiety disorder

Health considerations like symptoms of a different illness, drug effects or burden of the intensive activity or prolonged recovery

A brain chemical, as psychologists describe many anxiety disorders as hormone misalignments and electric signals in the brain

withdrawal from an illegal drug that can worsen the effect of other potential triggers. 

Treatment

Treatments include psychotherapy, behavioral treatment, and medicine.

Depression, alcohol dependency, or other disorders may also have such an impact on mental well-being that an anxiety disorder must wait for all underlying conditions to be monitored.

Self-treatment

Sometimes anxiety disorder might be treatable without clinical consultation, but this might not be effective for long term anxiety disorder.

Exercises and techniques to cope with mild and short term anxiety disorders are:

Stress management: Stress management learning can help to limit possible causes. Arrange all pending demands and deadlines, compile lists to improve control of challenging projects, and commit to postpone research or function.

Relaxation techniques: Simple exercises may contribute to alleviating the mental and physical signs of fear. These include meditation, deep breathing exercises, long baths, darkness rest, and yoga.

Exercises to replace negativity with positive: list the negative thoughts which can loop because of anxiety and write down a list next to it that includes positive, reliable feedback to replace them. Create a mental picture of a specific fear effectively and overcome it will also benefit if anxiety symptoms contribute to, for instance, a phobia.

Support network: Speak to supportive, familiar individuals like a family member or a friend. Services of support groups may also be available online and locally.

Exercise: Physical work will enhance the self-image and release chemicals that induce positive emotions in the brain.

Counseling: Psychological therapy is a common form of managing anxiety. This can include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychotherapy, or a combination of treatments.

CBT: This psychotherapy aims at understanding and modifying negative thinking habits that form the basis for upsetting and unsettling feelings. CBT practitioners hope to limit misconceptions and improve the way people respond to anxiety-induced artifacts or circumstances.

Medications

Several drugs can be anxiety supportive.

Antidepressant drugs, benzodiazepines, tricyclics, and beta-blockers are medicines that may control certain physical and mental symptoms. A doctor should always be consulted to see which medications can help you with your condition.

Prevention

The risk of anxiety disorders can be minimized. Recall that anxiety is a natural factor in everyday life, and it does not necessarily reflect a disorder in mental health.

Taking the following steps to moderate worrying emotions:

Reduce caffeine, tea, cola, and chocolate consumption.

Check with a doctor or pharmacist for chemicals that may intensify anxiety symptoms before using OTC or herbal remedies.

Maintain a healthy diet.

Keep a regular sleep pattern.

Avoid alcohol, cannabis, and other recreational drugs.

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