Attention-Deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental illnesses affecting children. ADHD also affects many adults. Symptoms of ADHD include:
- Apathy (inability to maintain concentration).
- Dysfunction (an excessive movement that should not be set).
- Indifference (immediate actions that occur at the moment without thinking).
It is estimated that 8.4 percent of children and 2.5 percent of adults have ADHD.1,2 ADHD is most often seen first in school-age children when it leads to classroom disruption or homework problems. It can affect adults as well and is far much prevalent in males than in females.
Many symptoms of ADHD, such as high levels of activity, difficulty sitting for long periods, and limited attention span, are common in young children. The difference for children with ADHD is that their dysfunction and neglect are significantly higher than expected in terms of their age and cause stress and problems working at home, at school, or with friends.
ADHD is classified as one of three types: negligence, hyperactive/impulsive type, or combination type. The diagnosis is based on symptoms that occurred six months ago.
Type of neglect – six (or five people over the age of 17) of the following symptoms occur most often:
- Ignores details or makes careless mistakes at school or in the workplace.
- You have problems staying focused on work or activities, such as lectures, interviews, or extended reading.
- He doesn’t really seem to listen while he’s talking to (e.g., appears to be somewhere else).
- It does not follow instructions and does not complete homework, homework, or chores (it can start tasks but lose focus quickly).
- You have trouble organizing tasks and tasks (for example, you are not on time; you have a dirty, unorganized job; you are running out of time).
- It avoids or dislikes activities that require continuous mental stamina, such as preparing reports and completing forms.
- They often lose out on necessities in the workplace or everyday life, such as school papers, books, keys, wallets, cellphone, and eyeglasses.
- Forgetting daily tasks, such as doing chores and doing chores. Older teens and adults alike can fail to return calls, pay bills, and reserve appointments.
- Hyperactive/impulsive type – six (or five people over the age of 17) of the following symptoms occur more frequently:
- Refrigerators insert or tap hands or feet or jump on a chair.
- Can’t sit down (in class, in the workplace).
- It runs or climbs where it should not.
- Cannot play or engage in silent activities.
- You are always on the move as if you were driving a car.
- It speaks volumes.
- Blur the answer before the question is over (for example, he can finish people’s sentences, he can no longer wait to speak in conversation).
- He has trouble waiting for his turn, like waiting in line.
Interrupting or intruding on others (for example, cutting off conversations, games, or activities, or start using other people’s resources without permission). Older adults and adults can take on the role of others.
There is no laboratory test to diagnose ADHD. Diagnosis involves collecting information from parents, teachers, and others, completing a list of available observations and tests (including sight and ear tests) to rule out other medical problems. Symptoms are not the result of rude or hostile or who does not understand the task or commands.
The precise causes of ADHD have not been established by scientists yet. Inheritance has been shown to lead to ADHD. As an example, three out of four children with ADHD have a condition parent. Other factors that may help ADHD grow include premature birth, brain injury, mother smoking, alcohol, or high levels of stress during pregnancy.
ADHD with an older child at school
Teachers and educational staff should guide parents and physicians to help them evaluate behavioral and academic difficulties and help with ethical decision – making. However, school staff cannot diagnose ADHD, make treatment decisions, or require a student to take medication to go to school. Only parents and caregivers can make such decisions with their pediatrician.
Students with ADHD with disabilities can be eligible for special education under the Individual with Disability Education Act or Section 504 (for children who do not require special education) under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Children with ADHD can benefit from learning skills teaching, changes in a classroom setting, alternative teaching methods, and a changed curriculum.
ADHD and adults
Many adults with ADHD do not realize they have the disease. Comprehensive testing includes including a review of past and present symptoms, medical and historical tests, and the use of adult scales or checklists. Adults with ADHD are treated with medication, psychotherapy, or a combination. Behavior control strategies, such as reducing distractions and enhancing structure and order, and involving close family members, can also help.
ADHD can be easily handled with the right care and support. By administering the correct medication and education and support, those with the disease can live everyday, productive and successful lives.
It is important and recommended that you talk to the doctor and tell all your symptoms and medical history to ensure accurate diagnosis and care.
In society, many children are labeled as having ADHD, with little research or thought given to the diagnosis. Some may argue that medicating children for ADHD is simply an excuse for parents to calm their children as they often do not have the energy to deal with them. However, ADHD is a severe mental condition, and care should be taken before administering any drugs used to treat it.