Sadness, low self-esteem, and a lack of interest or joy in everyday life are common feelings for all of us. But if they persist and affect our lives too much, the problem can be depression also called Bipolar Disorder.

Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). It can affect adults, teenagers, and children.

In this article, learn what causes depression and what causes it. We also describe the types, treatments, and more.

Signs and symptoms

  • a state of depression
  • reduction of interest or pleasure in activities that have previously been enjoyed
  • loss of sexual desire
  • changes in diet
  • weight loss or unintended gain
  • too much or too little sleep
  • turbulence, restlessness, and movement up and down
  • slow movement and speaking
  • fatigue or exhaustion
  • feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions
  • recurring thoughts of death or suicide, or attempted suicide


For women

Below are some common symptoms of depression that are more common in women:

  • resentment
  • anxiety
  • mood swings
  • fatigue
  • enlightenment (living in negative thoughts)
  • Also, some types of depression are different for women, such as:
  • postpartum depression
  • premenstrual disorders

For men

Men with depression are usually more likely to drink too much, show anger, and take risks.

Other symptoms of male depression may include:

to avoid families and social conditions

working without leave

having difficulty keeping work and family responsibilities

showing abusive or controlling behavior in a relationship

For college students

College time can be stressful, and one may be exposed to other lifestyles, cultures, and experiences for the first time.

Some students have difficulty coping with these changes, and they may experience stress, anxiety, or both as a result.

In children

For children, symptoms can make homework and community activities challenging. They may have symptoms such as these:


low power


contemptuous behavior

a burst of voice

Young kids may find it difficult to express themselves in words. This can make it difficult for them to express their grief.


The medical community does not fully understand the causes of depression. There are many possible causes, and sometimes, different things come together to create symptoms. Potential features include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Changes in neurotransmitter levels in the brain
  • Natural features
  • Psychological and social factors


Depression is treatable, and managing symptoms usually involves three things:

Support: This can begin by discussing practical solutions and potential causes in educating family members.

Psychotherapy: Also known as speech therapy, other options include individual counseling and behavioral psychotherapy (CBT).

Drug treatment: The doctor may prescribe antiretroviral drugs.


Anti-depressants can help treat moderate to severe depression.

A person should take these medicines as prescribed by his doctor. Some medicines may take a while to become effective. By stopping the drug, a person may not receive the benefits it can offer.

Some individuals stop taking the medication after symptoms develop, but this can lead to relapse.

Raise any concerns about anti-depressants and medications, including any intention to stop taking the drug.

Natural remedies

Some people use natural remedies, such as herbal remedies, to treat moderate to severe depression.

It is essential to talk to a doctor before using any remedy or remedies to treat depression. Some herbs can interact with the functioning of the drug or exacerbate symptoms.

Food and nutrition

Overeating sugary or processed foods can lead to a variety of health problems. The results of a 2019 study show that foods that include many of these foods can affect adults’ mental health.

Some studies have also found that many of the following diets help reduce symptoms of depression:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetable
  • Fish
  • Olive oil


Medications, or speech therapy, include CBT, interpersonal psychotherapy, and problem-solving therapy, among others.

In some forms of depression, psychotherapy is usually the first-line treatment, while some people respond better to a combination of psychotherapy and medication.

CBT and interpersonal psychotherapy are two main types of psychotherapy. A person may have occasional CBT with a therapist, in groups, by telephone, or online.

Collaborative therapy aims to help people identify:

emotional problems affecting relationships and communicate

how these problems affect their emotions

how can all this be changed


Exercise by raising the body raises endorphin levels and stimulates the neurotransmitter norepinephrine, linked to air. This can help reduce some of the frustrations.

Remedies to stimulate the brain

Remedies for brain stimulation are another form of treatment. For example, the frequency of transcranial magnetic exposures sends magnetic fields to the brain, which may help treat severe depression.

If depression does not respond to drug treatment, the individual may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy or ECT. This can work if mental illness occurs with depression.


Types of Stress:

Severe stress:

A person with severe depression experiences a state of constant sadness. They may lose interest in jobs that they once enjoyed.

Treatment usually involves treatment and psychiatric treatment.

Continuous stress:

Also known as dysthymia, until it progresses and becomes significant depression.


Depression is a common condition and can be life-threatening. It is necessary to realize the problem and find support and help as soon as possible. Depression can be well treated in most cases, and the person can go back t everyday life.


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